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Overdue Fixed Deposits & Its Impact On Interest Rates?


by Mahindra Finance


May 7, 2024


5 mins read


When it comes to investing, fixed deposits (FDs) have long been a popular choice among Indians. Their stability and predictable returns make them attractive to individuals looking for a safe investment avenue. However, sometimes life gets in the way, and we may forget or delay withdrawing the maturity amount from our FDs. This can lead to the FD becoming overdue. In this blog post, we will delve into the impact of overdue fixed deposits on interest rates and provide insights on how to manage this situation effectively.

The Basics of Overdue Fixed Deposits

An FD is considered overdue when the account holder fails to withdraw the maturity amount on or before the maturity date. This delay can be unintentional or due to oversight, but it triggers a series of consequences that account holders should be aware of.

Impact on Interest Rates

Interest rates on FD are predetermined at the time of investment. However, when an FD becomes overdue, the interest calculation may undergo changes. In most cases, banks may choose to automatically renew the FD for a specified tenure at prevailing interest rates. This renewal may not necessarily match the interest rate of the original FD.

Automatic renewal

Many banks have a policy of automatically renewing FDs when they mature. While this ensures that the funds continue to earn interest, account holders need to be cautious about the new interest rates. The renewed FD may attract a different interest rate, potentially affecting the overall returns.

It is important to maintain open communication with your bank to avoid any unexpected consequences. Some banks may offer a grace period for withdrawal after maturity without impacting the interest rates. Regularly check your account statements, and if your FD is approaching maturity, initiate the withdrawal process promptly.

Impact on compounded interest

Overdue FDs may impact the compounded interest that could have been earned if the funds were reinvested or utilised elsewhere. It's essential to be proactive in managing your FDs to optimise returns and avoid any loss of compounded interest.

Penalty charges

Banks may levy penalty charges for not withdrawing the maturity amount within the stipulated period. These charges can erode a portion of the interest earned, affecting the overall returns on the FD.

Strategies for Managing Overdue Fixed Deposits

To effectively manage overdue fixed deposits and minimise any negative impacts, consider implementing the following strategies:

1. Be Proactive

Instead of allowing your FD to become overdue, consider proactive measures such as setting reminders or automating withdrawals. This ensures that you stay on top of your investments and avoid any unnecessary penalties or changes in interest rates.

2. Reinvestment Options

Instead of letting your FD automatically renew at potentially unfavorable interest rates, explore other reinvestment options offered by banks. These options may include renewing the FD at prevailing rates or transferring the funds to a savings account for better utilisation.

3. Consider Premature Withdrawal

If you find yourself in a situation where renewing or reinvesting your FD is not beneficial due to lower interest rates, consider premature withdrawal. While this may result in some loss of interest earnings, it allows you to explore other investment avenues that offer higher returns.


Effectively managing overdue fixed deposits involves staying informed, communicating with your bank, and being proactive in your financial decisions. By understanding the impact of overdue FDs on interest rates, account holders can make informed choices to optimise returns and maintain financial stability.

If you find yourself with an overdue fixed deposit or are unsure about how to manage your investments effectively, consider reaching out to Mahindra Finance for guidance and solutions tailored to your specific needs. They offer a range of financial products and services that can help you navigate through various investment situations while ensuring maximum returns and peace of mind.


Q: Can I withdraw my overdue fixed deposit at any time?

A: Yes, you can withdraw your overdue fixed deposit at any time after the maturity date. However, do keep in mind that banks may levy penalty charges for delayed withdrawals.

Q: Will my overdue fixed deposit continue to earn interest?

A: Yes, most banks have a policy of automatically renewing FDs when they mature. This ensures that your funds continue to earn interest. However, it's essential to be aware of any changes in interest rates for the renewed FD.

Q: How can I avoid penalty charges on my overdue fixed deposit?

A: To avoid penalty charges, make sure to initiate the withdrawal process promptly after the maturity date. Regularly check your account statements and set reminders to stay on top of your investments.

Q: Are senior citizen FD rates affected by overdue deposits?

A: Yes, senior citizen FD rates can be affected by overdue deposits. Banks may choose to renew the FD at prevailing interest rates, which could be lower than the original rate offered for senior citizens.

Q: Can I reinvest an overdue fixed deposit at a higher interest rate?

A: It depends on the bank's policies. Some banks may allow you to reinvest an overdue fixed deposit at prevailing rates, while others may not offer this option. It's best to communicate with your bank directly to explore reinvestment options.

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